San Casciano Val di Pesa: this historical villa stands on the Tuscan hills of San Casciano, a village in the province of Florence with Etruscan origins. Archeological findings and the study of place names vouch for this settlement's antiquity, whose population density is confirmed by the presence of four parish churches and a big number of secondary churches.This dense population still distinguishes the countryside around San Casciano, and it was certainly already a reality in the Middle Ages, centred around the big number of castles documented here as fiefs of Florence's bishops or of powerful groups of families such as the Gherardini, Buondelmonti, and the Cavalcanti. These castles were then converted into farm-villas or downgraded to rural homes.The village on Florence's hills home to this magnificent luxury villa for sale was initially mentioned as a fief of Florence's bishops. In the first half of the 14th century, San Casciano was in fact without any kind of defense and was looted by warlords and mercenaries. After these events, the Republic of Florence decided to fortify the village in 1354.On 26th July 1944 San Casciano was severely bombed by the allies and this, combined with German mines, left it almost in ruins. The reconstruction was slow and not always meticulous but San Casciano is still a strategic point, a junction for the hills on the right of the river Pesa, from Chianti to Montelupo, by the Arno.